Socio-Environmental Systems Modelling https://sesmo.org/ <p><em>SESMO seeks to transform society and socio-environmental decision-making through model-based research that integrates multiple issues, domain expertise and interest groups&nbsp;</em></p> en-US ioannis.athanasiadis@wur.nl (Ioannis N. Athanasiadis) serena.hamilton@anu.edu.au (Serena Hamilton) Wed, 13 Apr 2022 05:54:01 +0200 OJS 3.2.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 RICE50+: DICE model at country and regional level https://sesmo.org/article/view/18038 <p>Benefit-cost Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) have been largely used for optimal policies and mitigation pathways countering climate change. However, the available models are relatively limited in the representation of regional heterogeneity. This is despite strong evidence of significant variation of local mitigation costs and benefits, institutional capacity, environmental and economic priorities. Here, I introduce RICE50+, a benefit-cost optimizing IAM with more than 50 independently deciding regions or countries. Its core foundation is the DICE model, improved with several original contributions. These include new calibrations on actual mitigation cost data, full integration of recent empirically based impact functions, alternative socioeconomic reference projections as well as normative preferences, including welfare specifications explicitly featuring inequality aversion. Due to its high level of regional detail, the model can support researchers in better investigating the role of heterogeneity in international cooperation, cross-country inequalities, and climate change impacts under a variety of mitigation pathways and scenarios.</p> Paolo Gazzotti Copyright (c) 2022 Paolo Gazzotti http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://sesmo.org/article/view/18038 Wed, 13 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Perspectives on confronting issues of scale in systems modeling https://sesmo.org/article/view/18156 <p>Issues of scale pervade every aspect of socio-environmental systems (SES) modeling. They can stem from the context of both the modeling process, and the purpose of the integrated model. A webinar hosted by the National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC), The Integrated Assessment Society (TIAS) and the journal Socio-Environmental Systems Modelling (SESMO) explored how model stakeholders can address issues of scale. Four key considerations were raised: (1) being aware of our influence on the modeling pathway, and developing a shared language to overcome cross-disciplinary communication barriers; (2) that localized effects may aggregate to influence behavior at larger scales, necessitating the consideration of multiple scales; (3) that these effects are “patterns” that can be elicited to capture understanding of a system (of systems); and (4) recognition that the scales must be relevant to the involved stakeholders and decision makers. Key references in these four areas of consideration are presented to complement the discussion of confronting scale as a grand challenge in socio-environmental modeling. By considering these aspects within the integrated modeling process, we are better able to confront the issues of scale in socio-environmental modeling.</p> Takuya Iwanaga, Patrick Steinmann, Amir Sadoddin, Derek T. Robinson, Val Snow, Volker Grimm, Hsiao-Hsuan Wang Copyright (c) 2022 Takuya Iwanaga, Patrick Steinmann, Amir Sadoddin, Derek T. Robinson, Val Snow, Volker Grimm, Hsiao-Hsuan Wang http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://sesmo.org/article/view/18156 Wed, 27 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0200